Types of Mountain Bikes

This article entails everything you need to know about the types of mountain bikes available. Due to the various types of mountain bikes available, it all depends on your riding style to be able to figure out the mountain bike that best suits your criteria. With a lot of options available out there today, we have put together a collection of the different types of mountain bikes.

Mountain bikes are specifically designed for off-road biking. They might look like regular road bikes, but they are different. The mountain bikes are designed to withstand tough terrains; this is due to their excellent brakes, heavy-duty knobby tires, and reduced gear ratio for active climbing mountain climbing, horizontal handles and suspension.

8 Types of Mountain Bikes


It would surprise you that trial bikes don’t resemble mountain bikes. They feature low frames, most times, they don’t come with saddles. They possess wheels between 20 and 26 inches and do not have suspensions. The observed trail bike is meant for going through a great deal of practice, to be able to master the jumping, balance, maneuvering and navigating strength that comes with mountain biking.


This bike has a striking resemblance with a road bike, but the knobbed tires they come with shows that they are not for the road. Cyclo-cross bikes are utilised in a lot of mountain bike contests, because they can ride on various types of terrains, from steep terrains to sandpits, downward river rides, step climbing and swampy terrains.


The cross country bike is one of the most commonly used bikes. It is highly recommended for beginners in the sport of mountain biking. The cross-country mountain bike comes in two types: The Hardtail and Dual Suspension.

  • Hardtail mountail bike : The hardtails are light in weight, and the efficiency of the pedals are fantastic because they don’t come with rear suspension. Hence the reason why they are preferred for frequent use.
  • Dual Suspension: The dual suspension is different; this type is very efficient in rough surface control. Although, the suspension restriction is between 3 to 4.5 inches. The dual suspension mountain bike can ride efficiently from 5 to 160 km in the distance, though most mountain bike competitions require from 30 km to 160 km.

Cross-country mountain bikes have an active steering response due to structuring; this makes it easy for them to power up steep terrains with ease. New technological advancement has also been added to increase the descending efficiency.


The trail bike is an upgrade from the cross country bike in terms of technicality. The point of the trail bike is to be able to navigate through terrains with technical difficulties from one point to another, especially when it has to do with a pack of bikers.

Having a 120 – 140 mm suspension, it is comfortable and balanced when riding, just like the cross country bike, it has a robust steering response and excellent descending efficiency. If there is a bike that can combine comfort, style and efficiency, the trail bike would be my pick. Trail bikes can also cover an extensive distance range, and are suitable for multi-day racing.


Now, this is one mountain bike that has an efficient descending ability. All-mountain bikes or enduro are designed for mountain races, where the descending is timed. The rider of the all-mountain bike must possess the technical skillset required. The system of this mountain bike, such as the angle of the seat tube, has similarities with those of the cross country bike, and they help to boost climbing efficiency.

The saddles can be adjusted in however way the rider pleases. The All-mountain bike contains a button that allows regulating the seat up and down, to produce the required mobility the rider needs when descending or ascending. It also has a suspension from 150 mm to 180 mm.


When it comes to riding downhill, the goal is who emerges as the fastest. Downhill riding is exciting, however very intense and rigorous. It will involve your maximum focus, as you will have to Jump, avoid gaps and obstacles. The downhill bikes come with 2.5 inches tyres and rotund thread clogs. It involves rides with 2 to 10 mins time frame. They are carried back up the mountain by pushing or making use of mountain trucks. They also have 200 mm suspension.


When it comes to mountainside riding, where you can easily do terrain stunts and flips, the free ride bike is an excellent choice. These bikes are utilised in various mountain biking contests, where riders love to showcase their skills.

However, it takes a highly skilled biker to use a free ride bike effectively, as the lengths of the gaps are very critical, which means the percentage of an error is very high. The ramp made of wood and other trail obstacles is used to display the efficiency and capability of the free ride bikes.


Dirt bikes are mountain bikes that are used for high jumping over artificial ramps. When these bikes are in the air, the rider can perform all types of stunts mid-air, before landing. All it takes for these stunts to be done in mid-air is one straight run. The saddles of the dirt bikes are always low; it enables the rider to support himself when he has taken flight. When it comes to seat peddling, this bike isn’t the best bet. It has sturdy frames; it has sturdy frames and heavily sprung forks. They are structured to be easily flexible in mid-air, and also to withstand a rough landing impact.


Since the introduction of mountain biking in the 70s,  a lot of mountain bikes have come into existence from cross-country bikes, downhill bikes, dirt bikes and more. These various types of mountain bikes have one role, but different demands based on their level of performance. It is why this article has given you a comprehensive breakdown on types of mountain bikes. I hope this guide will be of great help to you in choosing the right mountain bike that best suits your terrain style.